Take A Leap Of Faith With Your Trusted Ones!
Partnership firm represents a business entity that is formed with a purpose of making a profit from the business. Two or more parties come together with a formal agreement (known as Partnership Deed) to own and manage the business. The risk and responsibilities are shared amongst the partners that shred the burden of an individual partner. Also, when two comes together, more capital and expertise are combined that helps to reach the business goal(s) easily.
Partnership Act, 1932 defines the structure of a Partnership firm by providing all the necessary provisions to run the same. The Act validates both registered and unregistered partnership firms in India. However, an unregistered partnership has few shortcomings that attract partners towards Partnership Firm Registration. But, one can overcome it by registration firm anytime after it is formed.
The word Partnership itself describes individuals coming together for some common business object. The partners share the responsibility to work and manage the business together. Responsibilities for a particular field or task can be assigned to one or more partners by indicating the same in a Partnership Deed.
A Partnership firm is operated on the basis of the Partnership deed executed by the partners, mutually. The partners can decide how to operate the business with their mutual consent. Also, the Partnership Deed can be changed according to the requirement even after partnership deed registration is completed. There are no limitations or restrictions on the partners in regards to running the business, as long as it is covered under the signed agreement.
At the time of registering a Partnership firm, the deed enumerates the pre-defined business objectives and activities, which is the main aim to commence business. A partnership can be formed within a specified period or to complete a specific project or object. Once the same is completed, the partnership will automatically stand dissolved.
Partners involved with the firm get various types of returns for their capital as well as their individual efforts. The working partner also receives remuneration in addition to the interest on capital and share of profit, as may be agreed by the partners. Also, the share of profit from partnership firm is exempt for the partner receiving it.
Formation of Partnership Firm does not require any minimum amount. It can be started with any amount of capital contribution by the partners. The Partners can contribute in any amount agreed and in any form being tangible (cash, premise) or intangible (goodwill, intellectual property). The Partners can introduce capital in any ratio, equal or uneven.
Due to non-registration, the firm cannot file suit against any partner or the third party. A partner also cannot sue the partnership firm for his claim. However, the third parties can sue the firm to enforce their dues or claims. Non-registration does not affect the rights of third parties. Also, the partnership can be registered any time after formation to remove the said effects.
It is possible to form a partnership firm with only two partners by following the process described. Further, the Partner to be introduced and appointed in the Firm must be an Indian resident and citizen. NRI and Persons of Indian Origin can only invest in a Partnership with prior approval of the Government. The individual must be competent to contract and not a minor. A minor can be introduced to a Partnership Firm only for profit.
Only a registered partnership firm can claim a set off (i.e. mutual adjustment of debts owned by the disputant parties to one another) or other proceedings in a dispute with a third party. Hence, it is advisable for partnership firms to get it registered sooner or later. Also, only a registered partnership firm can file a suit in any court against the firm or other partners for the enforcement of any right arising from a contract or right conferred by the Partnership Act. An unregistered Partnership Firm can get registered at any point of time after its establishment.
The application for Partnership Firm Registration in India is submitted with the Registrar of Firms (RoF) under whose jurisdiction the Place of Business of Partnership Firm falls. The application of Registration is made in required form along with submitting the Partnership Deed. At the end of the registration procedure, the Certificate of Registration is issued by respective RoF. The process and time of registration may differ for each RoF.
The Partners should specifically mention about the main object and activities along with major clauses related to capital contribution, profit sharing ratio of the partners, management and administration of Partnership Firm. Further, the signed Partnership Deed shall be duly stamped and notarized.
To confirm the validity of the partnership deed, the partners must pay stamp duty required as per the capital of the firm. The amount of stamp duty payable depends on the amount of capital contribution by partners. The rate of duty is prescribed under State Stamp Act and which is different for every State.
Yes, notary on Partnership Deed is necessary in every case for an unregistered or registered partnership firm.
Applying for the PAN and TAN is possible after the execution of a Partnership Firm Agreement or after partnership deed registration with respected RoF. The physical copy of the PAN will be received at the registered Business Place only after being dispatched by the Income Tax Department.
The Partnership Firm shall maintain the Books of Accounts and Financial Statement. The Income Tax Return shall be filed for the respective financial year before the due date as per the Income Tax Act.
Partnership firms do not need to prepare audited statements for each year. However depending on the turnover and a few other criteria, a tax audit statement might be necessary.
A partnership firm can be converted to a Private Limited Company or a LLP considering its requirements. However, the procedures to convert a Partnership firm into a Company or LLP are cumbersome, expensive and time-consuming. Thus, it is wise for many entrepreneurs to consider and start a LLP or Company instead of a Partnership firm.