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Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) today
Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) is a balanced structure, carrying benefits conventional partnership and still limiting personal liabilities of the partners. It is regulated as a contractual agreement between the partners under the Limited Liability Partnership Act, 2008. It has quickly become a popular choice for services and professional firms like Chartered Accountants, recruiting firms, consulting businesses, etc.
LLPs are similar to Private Limited Companies with respect to compliance and operational requirements. Recognized as a separate legal entity than the partners, it can contract or involve in any legal proceedings in its own name. That enables the partners of an LLP to separate business liabilities or debts being recovered from their personal assets. Compliance requirement here is greater than regular partnership firms. However, Compared to a private limited company structure, it is easier to incorporate and maintain.
As a drawback, ownership transfer of a Limited Liability Partnership is not as easy as of a company. Neither an LLP can issue ESOP. For the reason, LLP is not the most ideal choice for start-up’s who want to hyper-grow, seek seed investor or venture capital funding, or issue share capital to its employees.
The process of LLP Registration in India is revamped by the Ministry of Corporate Affairs. A quicker process of LLP incorporation is made available on 2nd October 2018 as part of the ease of doing business initiative by the government. Experts at arjlegal.in have helped hundreds of entrepreneurs with LLP registration process, in all major cities of India including Mumbai, Delhi, Bangalore, Pune, Ahmedabad, Hyderabad and more. Our services have equally relevant reach within smaller cities and towns in the country.
Because an LLP can enter into a contractual relationship in its own capacity, it offers a great advantage to the partners for limiting their personal risk. Liability of financial contribution of any partner is restricted to the capital contribution as per the LLP agreement. Many new age businesses prefer LLP registration over partnership so that their personal assets remain safe in case of loss, or even insolvency. Further, one partner is not held responsible for the actions of negligence or misconduct of any other partner.
LLP Agreement, deed among partners of an LLP, clarifies operating structure including rights and responsibilities of the partners. Typically, LLP would select a “Designated Member” who would control day-to-day operations. It can have individuals or existing businesses as members. Further, this structure allows to clearly define roles of the partners and their respective responsibilities. It could also help in protecting partner’s interest in case of loss because of an unlawful act of any other partner.
Registration of LLP creates a separate legal identity than its partners. Governed by the LLP Act of 2008, it allows the business to contract with other entities, take legal action, own assets and borrow funds in the name of an LLP itself. It is a major advantage that is not available to a regular partnership firm.
A key benefit of registering an LLP over a private company is lesser compliance requirement. It doesn’t have a mandatory audit requirement until a certain level of turnover or contribution. Unlike companies, compliances related to board meetings, statutory meetings, etc. do not apply to LLPs. Professional services for compliance are typically available at cheaper rates than that for companies, making it cost effective to maintain an LLP.
There must be at least two individuals to be appointed as Designated Partners, out of which one must be an Indian resident. Also, there is a pre-requisite to have an address of a business in India so as to register it as a registered office for your LLP..
No. There is no minimum amount prescribed to form an LLP in India. It can be started with any amount of capital demanded by the business. Although there is no minimum requirement, every partner must make a contribution financially to form LLP. The amount of capital contribution is disclosed in the LLP Agreement and amount of stamp duty is decided by the total contribution amount.
LLP name availability is as an essential part for an online LLP registration. The name of an LLP is reserved through a web based form named “LLP-RUN” (Reserve Unique Name). The partners can provide maximum of 2 names in preferential order to reserve any one. The registrar may ask to re-submit the application with different name, if names do not fall under criteria of uniqueness, relevancy or does not fulfil the necessary requirements.
There are no limitations in terms of citizenship or residential status to be a Partner in LLP. Therefore, the LLP Act, 2008 allows Foreign Nationals, including Foreign Companies & LLPs to incorporate LLP in India. The pre-requisite is to have at least one Designated Partner who is a resident of India. However, the person should be of the age 18 years. This is to ensure that the person in LLP is not a minor and competent enough to enter into contract. Also, the proposed Designated Partner shall have DIN.
The concept of DPIN (Designated Partner Identification Number) is replaced by DIN with respect to the LLP incorporation. Director Identification Number is a unique number assigned by the MCA to Individuals on whose behalf the application is made. This allows any individual to be Director in any Details or Designated Partner in LLP. The application of DIN allotment is made with incorporation application in FiLLiP subject to maximum 2 DIN.
Digital Signature Certificate for LLP is provided in the form of a token and issued by Certified Authorities. Any form filed for incorporation of Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) in India online shall be submitted after affixing the DSC of the designated partner.
Yes, the partners must provide a place of business in India with the required list of documents. It can be both – a residential or commercial plot. In most cases, the address is used for the communication purpose by the MCA and other concerned authorities and is also published on its portal.
Yes, a Limited Liability Partnership registered in India can carry on more than one business subject to their relevancy. The activities must be related or in the same field itself. Unrelated activities such as Interior Designing and Legal consultancy cannot be carried under same LLP. The business activities are mentioned in the agreement and must be approved from RoC.
No, one of the essential requirements for setting up LLP is ‘carrying on a lawful business with a view to profit’. Therefore, LLP cannot be incorporated for undertaking “Not-For-Profit” activities.
The PAN and TAN used for the LLP formation can be applied once the Certificate of Incorporation of the Limited Liability Partnership is issued. The physical copy of the PAN will be received at the Registered Office once the same is dispatched by the Income Tax Department.
The amount of capital contribution is taken into consideration in deciding the stamp duty on the LLP Agreement in India. The rate of stamp duty varies from State to State. The State Stamp Act will be applied depending on where the registered office is situated. The amount of ₹ 500 is included in our package cost. Further, the Notary on the Agreement is not a statutory requirement and not required by the MCA. A notary can be required by the bank officials but is not mandatory for incorporation of an LLP.
Once online LLP registration completes, the partners must open a bank account in the name of LLP for business transactions. There is no additional requirement to be fulfilled. However, the partners must deposit the agreed amount to contribute as and when required. Furthermore, the annual compliance filing must be fulfilled every year upon LLP registration.
Yes, a body corporate can be a Partner in an LLP. However, to fulfil the requirement of minimum Designated Partner, any of the two Partners or the nominee of the Body Corporate shall act as an authorized individual on behalf of the body corporate in the LLP.
Yes, Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is allowed in LLP under the automatic route in the sectors allowed by the Foreign Investments Promotion Board (FIPB). However, Foreign Institutional Investors (Flls) and Foreign Venture Capital Investors (FVCIs) will not be permitted to invest in LLPs. LLPs will also not be permitted to avail External Commercial Borrowings (ECB.)
Yes, an existing partnership firm or a company (unlisted) can be converted into LLP. There are many advantages to converting a partnership firm into an LLP.
Daily transactions of the business are recorded in the Books of Accounts of the LLP by the Accountant/s. The Accounts hence recorded are verified by an Independent Auditor to make sure that no statutory compliance are missed and provide an Audit Report for the same.
(Note: arjlegal.in shall only take the accountability of the Accounting Service provided by them but however shall help in appointment of Independent Auditor for your business.)