GST has been implemented in India from 1st July, 2017. Under the new GST regime, over 1.3 crore business in India have been registered and issued GST registration. All entities having GST registration are required to file GST annual returns, as per the GST return due date schedule mentioned below. GST annual return filing is mandatory for all entities having GST registration, irrespective of business activity or sales or profitability during the return filing period. Hence, even a dormant business that obtained GST registration must file GST return.
GST registration holder who obtained the registration anytime before 1st April 2018 are required to file GST annual return for the financial year 2017-18 on or before 30th June 2019. Before filing GST annual return the taxpayer must have filed all GSTR-1 or GSTR-3B or GSTR-4 return for the period of July to March 2018. In case there are overdue GST returns for the above-mentioned period, the GST registration holder will not be allowed to file GST annual return.
GST Annual Return Filing can be divided into three types based on the form to be filed as under:
GSTR-9: All entities having GST registration are required to file GST annual return in form GSTR-9.
GSTR-9A: GST registered taxpayers who have opted for the GST Composition Scheme under Goods and Services Tax (GST) are required to file GSTR-9A.
GSTR-9C:Form GSTR 9C is meant for filing the reconciliation statement of taxpayers pertaining to a particular financial year. The form is a statement of reconciliation between the Annual Returns in GSTR-9 and the figures mentioned in the Audited Financial Statements of the taxpayer.
GSTR 9C is applicable to taxpayers who are required to obtain an annual GST audit of their accounts. GSTR-9C must be prepared and certified by a Chartered Accountant or Cost Accountant. GST audit is applicable for person having GST registration with an annual aggregate turnover of above Rs. 2 crores in a particular financial year.
The due dates of filing of Form GSTR-9 (Annual Return) and Form GSTR-9C (Reconciliation Statement) for Financial Year 2017-18 to 31st December 2019 and for Financial Year 2018-19 to 31st March 2020. The Government has also decided to simplify these forms by making various fields of these forms as optional.
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The following information is expected to be filed in GSTR-9A return:
A per day penalty of Rs.100, up to a maximum amount of Rs.5000 would be applicable for late filing of GSTR-9 return. Only if all the GSTR-1, GSTR-2 and GSTR-3 returns are filed, the taxpayer would be able to file GSTR-9 return on the GST Portal.
Yes. Regular taxpayers registered under GST having an annual aggregate turnover of over Rs.5 crores during a financial year are required to the GSTR-9 return with audited accounts. GSTR-9 accounts can be audited by a practising Chartered Accountant or Cost Accountant.